Women Can Read Maps Just As Well As Men, Thank You Very Much

Finally some research to put this sexist theory to rest.
Ladies, listen up: Should you find *1 yourself wandering an unknown city with a dude who is questioning your directional abilities, don’t doubt yourself.

A recent small study (published in the journal Psychological Science) found that the longstanding theory (that women have a more difficult time reading *2 maps) isn’t true. At all.

Historically, men have performed better than women in studies that tested spatial ability (in other words, looking at a map and figuring out *3 where that would place *4 you in real life). But lead study author Margaret Tarampi and researchers from the University of California-Santa Barbara theorized that social influences have an effect on this outcome: The cultural belief (that women are worse at reading maps) can be seen as a stereotype threat, meaning women believe they’ll be bad at something, so they perform poorly as a result.
The researchers also theorized that women perform better at skills that involve a social component. In other words, if reading a map means helping someone else, they might perform better.
Tarampi and her team tested both theories on undergraduate students at UCSB across three separate experiments. And, indeed, the results showed that men scored better than women only when the researchers mentioned the stereotype of male superiority before administering the test.
When the researchers did not mention it ― and gave a social context for reading the map ― the women’s scores improved across the board. Women also performed better when the test maps simply included human figures, rather than just random objects and landmarks.
The first experiment acted as the control group where researchers tested for both social and spatial conditions in men and women. Researchers expressed to the participants that there’s a stereotype that men are better at reading maps than women, and also supplied the participants with two types of maps: One with just objects and landmarks to test for spacial ability and another which also included figures of small people to test for the social element.
The second and third experiments featured only women to test for empathy and if having a social aspect would impact score.
“When we tell participants that this is a test of perspective-taking and perspective-taking is about empathy, then in that case women perform the same as males,” Tarampi told The Huffington Post. The takeaway, says Tarampi, is that there are cultural stereotypes that exist which can become self-fulfilling prophecies. Men and women are equally as good at reading maps. Period. *5
Overall, though, this research may just put previous scientific theories about women’s spatial abilities into *6 context. A false cultural belief that men are better at reading maps, combined with no context for reading the map, results in men performing *7 better than women at the task.
So ladies, the next time you struggle to figure out if you should make a left or right at the Louvre (or wherever your next vacation may be), whip out your tourist map with a healthy dose of confidence.
And gentlemen, step aside. She’s got this.



*1:←If you should find… 「もし万一...したら」

*2:have a difficult time doing 「~するのに苦労する」

*3:figure out「理解する」

*4:place 「置く」

*5:Period. 「以上」

*6: put O into … 「Oを...に入れる」

*7:men performing → S doing 動名詞の意味上の主語

‘Pokemon Go’ remains popular despite passing heyday of launch 根強い人気のPokemon Go



Pokemon Go’ remains popular despite passing heyday of launch
PORTLAND, MAINE – Few games have enjoyed *1 both the meteoric rise — and subsequent fall — in *2 popularity as “Pokemon Go.”


But the game remains profitable, and people are still playing even if they aren’t the same masses that roamed parks last summer with eyes glued to smartphones, looking for *3 elusive virtual monsters to appear right in front of them.


“It kind of brings people together to have a conversation about these little cartoon characters that we’re all in love with,” said Brian Swain, a sales representative for Rockstar energy drink who has stuck with “Pokemon Go” since it launched last July.

>私たちみんなが大好きなキャラクターについて集まって話すようになったのはポケモンGOのおかげですよ、とBrian Swainは言う。

While past its heyday last summer, when some small businesses and landmarks had complained of *4 disruptive crowds, the game has seen renewed interest *5 after last month’s addition of 80 Pokemon and in-game events set *6 around holidays like Halloween and soon, Easter.


The updates addressed *7 complaints about a lack of updates that contributed to a drop in monthly active users, according to app market analyst Apptopia.


“Over time, the enthusiasm has waned, but there’s still quite a bit of people playing it,” said Joost van Dreunen, the CEO and founder of SuperData Research in New York. “It raises the question: Was it a fad, a thing we only did one time for one game, or is it going to hold people’s attention longer?”



The game generated $1 billion in revenue *8 as of January, and Niantic CEO John Hanke insists “Pokemon Go” is no passing fad.

 >1月時点で$1,000,000,000の売り上げを生み出した。Niantic CEOのJohnは、ポケモンGoは消えゆく一発屋ではない、と主張する。


The game — whose servers had difficulty handling traffic last summer — will fulfill long-promised additions of sought-after *9 “legendary” Pokemon and the ability for players to battle and trade with each other, he said.



“What happened last summer was really kind of strange, where ‘Pokemon Go’ spiraled out of control to this level of cultural awareness that nobody expected, certainly not us,” Hanke said. The “extremely successful” game now has usage “at a more normal level,” he said.



The hard-to-replicate game still has an enviable *10 following  in Japan, China, Korea as well as North America, Dreunen said.



Since the game’s release, Dreunen said, the $40.6 billion worldwide mobile game industry has become flooded, and investment may shift to mobile games that rely on well-loved characters and provide frequent updates.



As spring approaches, there are signs of new life. Milwaukee County has prepared for “Pokemon Go” and future augmented-reality games by requiring game developers to obtain a permit to get players into parks.


In Maine, members of the “Pokemon Go” 207 Facebook group have noticed more screenshots from players taking up the game again.



Nick Fournier, a 21-year-old media studies student at the University of Southern Maine, said he’s glad the company has finally begun listening to players’ complaints. He described last summer as a phenomenon brought on by the game’s nostalgia and the technology’s novelty that he doesn’t expect to see again.



Erin Morrison, a 23-year-old schoolteacher living in Greene, Maine, said she has kept playing through a dreary winter by driving to places she knew had multiple spots to catch Pokemon.



“With the new update, it’s been so awesome,” she said. “I’m seeing so many people coming back out.”




*1:enjoy 享受する

*2:in ~において、~の点で

*3:look for A to do「Aが~するのを探す」


*5:renewed interest「新たな興味関心」



*8:in ~において、~の点で

*9:←seek after「~を探す」の過去分詞


天才格闘家 Zlatan Ibrahimovic!


Ibrahimovic took REVENGE on Tyrone Mings VERY BADLY!!


From different angle, you see different things.「角度によって、違うものが見える」

In my opinion「私の意見では」

to stamp on Ibrahimovic「Ibrahimovicを踏んづける」

And watch this. This is, yes.... That is ... conduct. A red card thing「見て下さい。これ...。...な行為です。レッドカードものです」

Without a doubt, Ibramovic decided to ...「Ibrahimovicが~しようとしたのは疑いがない」



'Tyrone Mings Jumped Into Me!' - Zlatan Ibrahimovic


With the stamp, I don't see it.  Just felt somthing hit me behind my neck. And, uh, with the elbow...I see it clearly. I jumped up, jumped high, protect myself, same time go for the ball, and he jumps into my elbow, so, hopefully, he didn't get injured or something because my intention was not to do injure... Opposite. I wanted to protect myself to go for the ball and unlucky, he jumped into my elbow. But this happens many times, so, hopefully he didn't feel any injured. 



So, it's not the case that you were angry because he stamped on you and you were retaliating. That's not what happened? 



Listen, I didn't even know he stamp me in the head, so, in that moment, so, I didn't even see the replays. So, if it was him, or if it was me, there is nothing that I think about, because all the defenders try to stop you and me, as a striker, I try to score goals. 



What did you say to him, just before, as you say, he ran into your elbow? Before the ball came in you seemed to be speaking with each other. Can you remember what you said?



Nah! You speak all the time, I don't know. Maybe I was asking if it was him, I don't know! I don't really remember. I talk a lot when I play. 




How to Use 使い方







熟語等、辞書で出てこなさそうなものは脚注(*1など)をつけます。PCではマウスをかざせば、スマホではタップすれば読めます。また、文構造的に読みにくい文には(  )をつけておきますが、記号の意味はあまり深く考えなくていいです。意味の区切り程度に思ってください。読むときは文構造や文法よりも「内容」に集中しましょう。





If S should do ... / If S were to do ...

Should S do ... / Were S to do ... のように倒置しても意味は同じ)



● If he should come, I would let you know at once.

 Should he come, I would let you know at once. 



If Japan were to win the World Cup, I would give you one million yen.




以下の場合(時・条件の副詞節)は、未来を表すときも、will / would は使わない。






until (/ till)(~するまで)

as soon as(~するとすぐに)







● I don't know when he'll come back.



● I don't know if he will come back soon.







So ... 「...も同じく」

● You are a student. So am I.

● You like One Direction. So do I.

● I can speak Spanish. So can my sister.

● You went to the concert. So did we.


Neither ... 「...も同じく~ない」

● You can't eat sashimi. Neither can I.

● You don't like soccer. Neither do I.

● You're not a student. Neither am I.